How to create a strong password
Making a strong password is actually very easy. All you need to do is follow these two rules:
You just need to make a long password that contains mix of Numbers, Symbols, Capital and Lower-Case Letters.
Passwords are stronger when different types are used. A combination of upper case and lower case letters is good but adding numbers and special characters is even better. Strings of numbers, letters, and special characters makes a password much more difficult to crack.
Your strong password should look something like this:
What you should never do
People often underestimate the importance of a strong password, and instead of complex, they make very simple passwords just because they are easy to remember.
More complex and longer passwords are more difficult to crack. But do not be afraid that you will not be able to remember such a password.
We will show you further in the text how to remember them. For now, it’s important to pay attention to the following:
A weak password can be cracked in under one millisecond by a hacker! Passwords should not contain common names or items of personal significance such as birthdays, anniversaries, nicknames, pet names, etc. Security breaches grow every day and password crackers are becoming exponentially more sophisticated.
Time needed to crack the password
The password strength represents the time that a hacker needs to crack it. A key aspect of strong passwords is length and complexity. Complex passwords don’t have to be complicated. Look at the chart below:
The secret is to make passwords memorable but hard to guess. Learning a few simple skills will make creating strong memorable passwords easy. Creating them can actually be fun – and your payoff in increased safety is huge.
Strong passwords are made easy
First, look at a few weak passwords to understand why these put you at risk:
- Password – The word “Password” is the most commonly used password and it is pathetically weak – as are ’default’ and ’blank’. These are simple words and easily guessed or broken with a hacker program that uses a dictionary assault on the password.
- Marshall1968 – Though this uses 12 characters and includes letters and numbers, names that are associated with you or your family, or uses other identifying information such as birth year, are easily hacked.
- F1avoR – Though it mixes up capitols and numbers, it is too short and substituting the number 1 for the letter l is easy to guess.
To avoid these easy to guess or hack passwords try one or more of the following tricks:
Use a phrase and incorporate shortcut codes or acronyms: These examples let you use phrases that either mean something to you, or you associate with a type of website. For example, the ’all for one and one for all’ may be the password for a social networking site where it’s all about sharing. It could be phrase about money for a banking site, and so on.
- 2BorNot2B_ThatIsThe? (To be or not to be, that is the question – from Shakespeare)
- L8r_L8rNot2day (Later, later, not today – from the kids rhyme)
- 4Score&7yrsAgo (Four score and seven years ago – from the Gettysburg Address)
- John3:16=4G (Scriptural reference)
- 14A&A41dumaS (one for all and all for 1 – from The Three Musketeers, by Dumas)
Use passwords with common elements, but customized to specific sites: These examples tell a story using a consistent style so if you know how you write the first sections, and you’re on the login page for a site you’ll know what to add.
- ABT2_uz_AMZ! (About to use Amazon)
- ABT2_uz_BoA! (About to use Bank of America)
- Pwrd4Acct-$$ (Password for account at bank)
- Pwrd4Acct-Fb (Password for account at Facebook)
Play with your keyboard: You don’t have to think of it just as the numbers you see, it can also be a canvas to draw on.
- 1qazdrfvgy7, is really hard to remember unless you know that it’s a W on your keyboard – that’s a lot easier to remember! You can make letters, shapes, and more just ’drawing’ on the keyboard.
Each time you add a character to your password, you increase the amount of time it takes a password cracker to decipher it. Adding an additional character exponentially increases the security of a password.
Add emoticons: While some websites limit the types of symbols you can use, most allow a wide range. Make your symbols memorable by turning them into smiley faces to instantly boost your password power.
- Commonly allowed symbols:
- Some basic smiley faces:
You’re now ready to create your own strong, long, memorable mixed-character passwords using one or more of these tricks. Or, create your own system.